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Chiasmus

Posted by Joe Bloe , 26 August 2013 · 2,904 views

It doesn't matter whether or not you agree with the message of this video,
it is actually rather cleverly done and well worth a look - but you have to
watch it all the way through to get the full effect. It tells the story of a young
man's journey from atheism to Christianity:



I didn't realise where the poem was going until halfway through when it
suddenly went into reverse and I recognised it as an example of chiasmus
where the ideas expressed in the first half are repeated in reverse order
in the second half.

President Kennedy gave us a fine example of the chiastic structure when
he said, "Ask not what your country can do for you - ask what you can do
for your country."

And the writer Samuel Johnson used it very effectively when he told another
author, "Your manuscript is both good and original; but the part that is good
is not original, and the part that is original is not good."

The structure of any chiasmus becomes apparent if we use the ABBA
method and assign the letters A and B to the first appearance of the
key words or ideas and A' and B' to their second appearance. Here's
an example from the bible (Matthew 19:30)

A...... The first
B............ shall be last

B'........... and the last
A'..... shall be first


Actually it is no surprise to find Matthew using the chiastic structure in his gospel
because the whole book is a chiasmus with events in the second half mirroring
(or contrasting with) events in the first half. Check it out:

A... Genealogy of Jesus (past events), 1:1-17
B...... Mary - an angel - the birth of Jesus, 1:18-25
C......... Gifts of wealth at birth (from the magi) - attempt to prevent birth of Jesus (Herod) 2:1-12
D............. Flight into Egypt - judgement on the children - Jeremiah laments end of 1st temple 2:13-21
E................ Judea avoided, 2:22-23
F................... Baptism of Jesus, 3:1–8:23
G...................... Crossing the sea, 8:24–11:1
H......................... John’s ministry, 11:2-19
I ............................ Rejection of Jesus, 11:20-24
J............................. Secrets revealed through Jesus 11:25-30
K................................ Attack of Pharisees, 12:1-13
Pharisees decide to kill God's Servant (Jesus), 12:14-21
K’..................................Condemnation of Pharisees, 12:22-45
J’................................ Secrets revealed through Jesus 13:1-52
I’ ............................. Rejection of Jesus, 13:53-58
H’ ........................ John’s death, 14:1-12
G’...................... Crossing the sea, 14:13–16:12
F’................... Transfiguration of Jesus, 16:13–18:35
E’ ................ Judea entered 19:1–20:34
D’ ............. Triumphant return to Jerusalem - judgement on the Jews(24:19) - Jesus predicts end of 2nd Temple 21:1 to 27:56
C’......... Gift of wealth at death (from Joseph of Arimathea) - attempt to prevent the resurrection (guards posted) 27:57-66
B’...... Mary - an angel - the resurrection of Jesus, 28:1-15
A’... Commission to the disciples (future events), 28:16-20


It is immediately obvious that Matthew's gospel is not a faithful recording of
the history of Jesus, but a complete fabrication. Once Matthew had placed any
incident into his gospel he was forced by the chiastic structure to place a similar
(or contrasting) event into the other half of the story.

For example in section C' (in the second half of the chiasmus) Matthew had
Joseph of Arimathea donating expensive gifts (grave goods and a tomb) for
the burial of Jesus - but if Jesus had received gifts at the time of his death,
then the chiastic structure of the gospel meant that Jesus had to also receive
gifts at the time of his birth. So Matthew backtracked to section C in the first half
of the chiasmus and invented the wise men who gave gifts to the baby Jesus.

So now you know why Matthew is the only gospel writer to mention the guiding
star, the wise men, and the gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh. He had to invent
the whole story to make it fit into the chiastic structure of his gospel and reflect the
gifts that Jesus had received from Joseph of Arimathea at the time of the crucifixion.

The other gospel writers also used chiastic structures in their gospels but their
patterns were not the same as Matthews' so they didn't have to invent the Magi.
Matthew did.


MORE INFO

 
This blogger has a few more things to say on the subject
http://www.chasingbl...aphy-or-legend/

And there's more examples here:
http://maxwellinstit...111&chapid=1293



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alteredmind
Mar 04 2015 11:43 PM
Good video, however I tend to view the video part where the flower starts to die and the discordant music plays as balief in god or the religions that go with that balief rather then no balief in god witch to me makes more sense when the flower starts to bloom and harmonious music plays.